Hi Everyone. As our Emergency 2.0 Wiki Community looks to 2013 and with many of us still reeling from Januaryâ€™s disasters of bushfires and floods in Australia and heavy snow and floods in the UK (to name a few), we thought weâ€™d frame a discussion around what we aim to achieve together by reviewing how far the world has come in the journey towards building emergency 2.0 resilient communities and share what we believe the challenges are, how the Wiki can help and how you can help. We hope this discussion will also inform the development of our 3 year strategic plan, the first draft of which we will soon post online as a Google Doc for your comments and input.
2012 was another year of devastating disasters around the globe. The good news is that along with the accelerating usage of social media globally (including on mobile devices), we witnessed increasing usage of social media by the community in preparing for, responding to and recovering from disasters.
The most shining example was New York Cityâ€™s social media response to Hurricane Sandy, in which we witnessed a â€˜whole of communityâ€™Â response, where emergency services, all levels of government, Â media, business, NGOs, the volunteer technical community, community groups, faith-based groups and the public pulled together using social media to inform, share, connect, collaborate and galvanise to face the disaster.
The NYC government opened up its data enabling developers and designers to develop emergency maps and applications and partnered with organisations such as Googleâ€™s Crisis Response Team to develop a customised map featuring evacuation zones, shelters and recovery centres.Â Huffington Post launched a Crowdmap to encourage the public to share their own observations, photos and videoÂ of incidents such as flooded roads and downed powerlines via sms, tweets, email or web form. The public could also sign up to receive alertsÂ when a report was submitted within their geographical area.Â ThisÂ CrowdmapÂ utilises the Ushahidi application, which includes a mobile app to facilitate ease of reporting.
The NYC government used Twitter @nycgov, Facebook, TumblrÂ and YouTubeÂ to issue information and they live streamed media conferences. Most importantly the NYC government engaged in two way communication with the public using social media, responding to questions and listening to the public in order to more efficiently allocate resources.
Digital volunteers from groups such as NYVOST and Humanity Road rallied locally and globally to help monitor the â€˜fire hoseâ€™ of social media information generated by the public and working with local authorities to keep them informed.
Also listening and responding to local needs in real time via social media was the Red Cross, utilising their new digital operations centre.
The NYC Department of Education utilised Twitter @NYCSchoolsÂ and Facebook to issue preparedness messages to school staff and parents, to alert of pending school closures, of schools being used as evacuation centres and also to rally donations for emergency relief and volunteers in the recovery phase.
— City of New York (@nycgov) November 3, 2012
To enable businesses to directly help each other out with office space and other services such as internet connection and mobile device recharging, a member of the technical community Noel HidalgoÂ @noneck established a Sandy Coworking CrowdmapÂ using the Ushahidi platform.
— Crisis Mappers (@CrisisMappers) November 1, 2012
To support recovery in Staten Island aÂ Crowdmap, created by the communityÂ was populated with information from the public via text, tweet using the hashtag #helpsi or directly online. This Ushahidi map automatically updates reports of relief help available or people in need as well as relief stations and volunteer opportunities. Businesses can update donated services and goods as well.
While we donâ€™t have information on how the business sector used social media in the emergency preparation phase to prepare their workforce, or during the emergency to liaise with their stakeholders (please send us articles if you have them), from our observations, the majority of the Future Scenarios of an Emergency 2.0 Resilient Community that we posted on this site and the Wiki over a year ago were played out in New York City in the face of Hurricane Sandy.
We encourage everyone to revisit the Future Scenarios for emergency preparation, response and recovery and ask yourselves is this how my community would respond in an emergency? Is this how my emergency services would respond? My city government? My business? My local school? What are the gaps?
How the Wiki can help communities become Emergency 2.0 Resilient – and how you can help
Great progress was made last year in producing tips and guidelines for using social media for emergency preparation, response and recovery. Thanks to the great work and contribution of Wiki reference group members, the broader wiki community and the US and NZ governments, there is a wealth of resources on the Wiki for all to access.
Emergency agencies/First Responders guidelines
As well as on those tips and guidelines on the Wiki itself, a number of guides have also been published by government agencies, in New Zealand and the United States, which can be adapted for your own countries. These guides are referenced and linkedÂ throughout the Wiki and posted on the library page. They include:
Social media in an Emergency: A Best Practice GuideÂ developed by New Zealand emergency services. The Emergency 2.0 Wiki is proud to have assisted with its development by facilitating an international review. This excellent guide was recently translated into French, thanks to the voluntary initiative of #SMEMÂ and #MSGU community member Moro Cedric @moro_cedricÂ and it is available via his I-Resilience blog and also on the Wiki.
The US Government produced three excellent guides last year for first responders on community engagement and social media strategy for emergency management.
The Digital Humanitarian Network, a new consortium of Volunteer & Technical Communities of digital volunteers, published Guidance for Collaborating with Volunteer & Technical Communities.
Free online SMEM course â€“ available globally
This three hour online course was developed by the US Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) for first responders and is available to everyone around the world, for free! It is interactive, with videos and can be done in parts. The Wiki is proud to be referenced in the content and as a resource for further reading. The course is also listed in our library.
We created anÂ Accessibility Toolkit which not only provides tips on how people with a disability can overcome accessibility issues of social media, but it also has guidelines on how organisations can ensure their social media messages reach this sector.
Our Reference Groups need you!
Technology and social media is changing so rapidly that what is â€˜best practice todayâ€™ is not tomorrow. Itâ€™s the key reason why we created a wiki and not a website – to enable us to quickly update our tips and guides.
A case in point for this is Facebook. As #SMEMÂ guru Jim Garrow pointed out in his Face of the Matter blog, Facebook is no longer the â€˜silver bulletâ€™ â€“ because theyâ€™ve recently changed the news feed so that only 10%- 15% of your messages will be viewed by your followers.
We need you to help us update the tips andÂ guidelinesÂ on the Wiki and keep them up-to-date as the technology and platforms change. This means sharing your own tips and sourcing tips from the #SMEM community, the Wiki LinkedIn Group posts, leading blogs, news sites, case studies and research reports. Please check out our Reference Groups; we need you!
If you work in the Education or Health Sector, weâ€™d also like to encourage you to help us start up Reference Groups to develop resources to help schools, universities and hospitals become Emergency 2.0 Resilient. While weâ€™ve developed and collated some resources, there isnâ€™t yet lot of content. This year we’d like to address this and encourage you to help us.
Capacity Building and Empowering Community Groups for Resilience
We believe that resilient communities are connected communities and it is critical to capacity build community groups to use social media for emergency preparation, response and recovery. This includes first responder volunteer groups such as CERT (US) and SES (Australia), service clubs such as Lions and Rotary, faith-based groups and neighbourhood watch groups. It is these grass roots community groups on the ground that are best positioned to tap into local needs in times of emergency and who will be there during the long road to recovery when outside help and media attention subsides.
The Wiki aims to, in consultation with key groups, develop a ‘Community Group Emergency 2.0 Toolkit’, which would consist of guidelines, YouTube webinars and other resources to empower groups to use social media for emergency preparation, response and recovery. We aim to seek grant funding and investigate crowdsourcing options for this vital initiative, so if you are interested in helping, please contact us.
Building Business Continuity and Resilience
Key to community resilience is keeping businesses operating and social media can play a critical role in helping business prepare for, respond to and recover from emergencies. We further developed the Wiki guidelines for business continuity and resilience, covering topics such as â€˜using social media to empower employeesâ€™, â€˜to communicate with stakeholdersâ€™ and â€˜establish a temporary workforceâ€™. We presented at a Continuity Forum in Brisbane (Australia) and Government 2.0 ConferenceÂ in Canberra (Australia) and have since had many invitations to speak on this topic. To address the need to build business capability in this area, we aim to seek funding to create webinars to post on YouTube to be freely available to all to access across the globe. If you have ideas on how we could access funding for this initiative please contact us.
Citizen Engagement and Education for Resilience
Last, but not least, while citizens are increasingly using social media to find and share emergency information, we believe a lot of education is still needed to help people better prepare for, respond to and recover from emergencies. For example,Â encouraging people to download an emergency app onto their mobile devices so they can get alerts before disaster strikes is one action that has enormous potential to save lives. This includes raising awareness of the existence of apps produced for their locality, but also disaster alert apps available globally, that they can download prior to travelling.
Another priority is to ensure the social media messages shared by citizens on the scene contain critical information to best help emergency services, the media and the public. This includes enabling GPS on mobile devices and adding a #hashtag and the time when tweeting warnings, photos or videos. The following tweet was part of an awareness campaign we ran in January during the Australian bushfires to educate the public on how to share information using social media, providing links to the Wiki:
— Emergency 2.0 Wiki(@emergency20wiki) January 10, 2013
Another important education objective is to encourage people to help each other and local emergency agencies and governments by populating crowdmapsÂ with their own information from the scene. As we have showcased, this was a vital feature of the social media response to Hurricane Sandy, but is still a new concept in many countries. The Wiki promotes the use of crowdmaps in our Future ScenariosÂ and throughout the Wiki. We alsoÂ promote their use during major disasters; for example we retweeted this message fromÂ Brisbane CouncilÂ during the January floods in Australia:
— Brisbane City(@brisbanecityqld) January 27, 2013
We believe that key to successful citizen education and engagement for emergency 2.0 resilience is developing engaging social media campaigns that are designed to go viral. We also recognise that it is important to run these campaigns in the leadup to known disaster seasons eg hurricane/tornado/bushfire as well as during every major disaster to remind people how to use social media to prepare, share information, help one another and to mobilise and galvanise support for recovery.
This means alsoÂ utilising the most popular social media sites such as Facebook, Google Plus, YouTube and Pinterest. At present, due to a lack of resourcing we are limited to Twitter, and our campaigns are sporadic, based on volunteer time availability.
To meet this challenge, we are seeking a communications agency to design a social media campaign on a pro bono basis. We also aim to establish aÂ volunteer Marketing and Communications Wiki Work Team toÂ assist with rolling outÂ campaigns across the globeÂ with local information such as emergency mobile apps. If you are interested in assisting, please contact us.
Help Translate the Wiki into other languages
At present, the Wiki is only available in English. To help accelerate the global adoption of social media for emergency management and help create emergency 2.0 resilient communities, we aim to make the content available in a number of languages. If you speak (and write) another language and are keen to help with translating sections of the Wiki, please contact us.
Delivering these important activities is reliant on the Emergency 2.0 Wiki receiving funding support. As a not for profit in the start up phase, run entirely by volunteers, the Wiki requires funding to enable us to continue to provide and develop this free resource for all.
To date, our activities have been very limited as we had not been in a position to fundraise while awaiting endorsement from the Australian Taxation Office as a deductible gift recipient (DRG). We recently received that endorsement and can now actively seek grant funding, corporate donations and â€˜crowdsourceâ€™ funding and we aim to soon launch a donation page to enable people to make a welcome contribution (of any amount) to help us keep delivering and developing this vital free global resource for all. In the meantime, if you’d like to discuss ideas for funding support, we pleaseÂ contact us.
In closing, weâ€™d like to thank you for being a part of the Emergency 2.0 Wiki community and we look forward to working with you in building Emergency 2.0 resilient communities around the globe in 2013. Please checkout How to Help for all the different ways you can participate. Weâ€™d love your feedback and ideas, so please join the discussion on the Wiki LinkedIn Group, share your ideas in the comments below, orÂ contact usÂ directly.
Eileen Culleton, Founder & CEO (Voluntary)